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GPR Knowledge Base

The Sensors & Software Knowledge Base is a comprehensive web-based library that Sensors & Software has amassed through its active involvement and research in the field of Ground Penetrating Radar innovation. Making these resources available to our customers helps us to provide timely technical support and training while sharing best GPR practices with the GPR community.

Guidebook for Scanning Concrete with GPR

July, 2013
By: Troy De Souza

This guidebook provides details on applications for concrete scanning, GPR best practices, case studies.

Concrete Scanning with GPR book


Analysing the Velocity of Ground Penetrating Radar Waves: A Case Study from Koekelare (Belgium)

1st Workshop on Remote Sensing for Archaeology & Cultural Heritage Management

Rome, 4 pages, Sept.- Oct. 2008
By: L. Verdonck , D. Simpson , W. Cornelis, A. Plyson, J. Bourgeois

When conducting a ground-penetrating radar (GPR) survey, initially only the two-way travel time of the electromagnetic waves is available. Knowing the propagation velocity of the waves in the ground is crucial for determining the depth of the archaeological features. There are several ways to determine the velocity. Four methods were compared at the site of Koekelare (Belgium).

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Geophysical Survey in Archaeological Field Evaluation

English Heritage V1.5, 60 Pages 2008
By: Andrew David, Neil Linford, Paul Linford

These guidelines are intended to help archaeologists, particularly curators, consultants and project managers, to better understand and engage with the techniques of geophysical survey, for the best results. It is hoped too that practitioners of geophysical survey will find them helpful and that, altogether, the guidance can contribute to raising the consistency and quality of geophysical survey in archaeological field evaluation.

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GPR – Trends, History, and Future Developments

Proceedings of the EAGE 2001 Conference

Delft, Netherlands, June 11-15, 2001

By: A. P. Annan

Ground penetrating radar (GPR) is a relatively new geophysical technique. The last decade has seen major advances and there is an overall sense of the technology reaching a level of maturity.

The history of GPR is intertwined with the diverse applications of the technique. GPR has the most extensive set of applications of any geophysical technique. As a result, the spatial scales of applications and the diversity of instrument configurations are extensive.

Both the value and the limitations of the method are better understood in the global user community. The goal of this paper is to provide a brief history of the method, a discussion of current trends and give a sense of future developments.

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What Lies Beneath: Modern Technologies

Revamp Underground 

CE News February 2005, p. 30-33
By: Jean Childers, ATM-B

Advances in remote sensing technologies, namely ground penetrating imaging radar (GPiR) and electromagnetometry (EM), have created invaluable solutions for engineering and construction. They are useful for sensing and mapping underground conditions, detecting underground objects, and differentiating between man-made and natural components and conditions.

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